The meerkat is actually related to the mongoose, but unlike most mosgoose, they are sociable animals, living in groups of 10 to 30. They make their home in the semi-desert plains of the southern and western Africa. Usually one will stand guard to watch for predators. They have different vocal sounds to indicate different types of danger.
Meerkats are small animals weighing anywhere from 1 to 5.5 pounds. Their bodies are long and slender with a length from about 14 - 20 inches. The tails will add a little over 9 inches to the length.
Their diet consists mainly of insects though they will eat some plants, lizards, scorpions, spiders and eggs, millipedes and centipedes. They are actually immune to the venom of the Khalahari Desert scorpions.
Meerkats make their home in a network of underground burrows having several entrances. They only leave these burrows during the day, although they may retreat to them during the hot afternoon hours. Sometimes they share their burrows with the yellow mongoose and the ground squirrel.